Head and neck cancer is a group of cancers that starts in or close to your throat, voice box, nose, sinuses, or mouth. Usually, it starts in the cells that line the surfaces of these body parts. Specialists call these squamous cells.
There are five kinds of head and neck cancer. They're named for the particular part of your head or neck they affect. The symptoms are somewhat extraordinary for each.
This sort of disease affects your mouth and lips. This includes:
- Your gums
- The inner parts of your cheeks
- The top of within your mouth (palate)
- Floor of mouth
- Non healing ulcer on tongue or cheek
- Red or white patches in mouth, including your gums and tongue
- Swelling in your jaw, including expanding that makes it difficult for dentures to fit
- Bleeding in your mouth
- Loosening of your tooth
The symptoms of oral cancer are:
This is another name for your throat. It's a cylinder around 5 inches in length that goes from behind your nose to the top of your throat (which is the tube in your chest driving down to your stomach). Your pharynx includes your tonsils, the rear of your tongue, and your delicate sense of taste. That is the delicate part behind your mouth.
The symptoms of cancer of your pharynx are:
- Trouble breathing or talking
- Painful gulping
- Neck or throat pain that doesn't leave
- Earaches, agony, or ringing in your ears that hold returning Lumps in neck
- Trouble hearing
This is your voice box. It holds your vocal cords and your epiglottis. That helps in speech and protecting lungs by preventing nourishment and fluid from getting in ("going down in the wrong pipe").
Signs of larynx cancer include:
- Painful gulping
- Ear pain
- Changes in your voice .
- Difficulty in breathing/Noisy breathing
4. Nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses
Your nasal cavity is the space inside nose. The paranasal sinuses are little spaces in the bones of your head around your nose.
See the doctor if you have symptoms of this kind of disease. Here are the signs:
- Chronic sinus diseases that antibiotics don't fix
- Blocked sinuses you can't clear
- Swelling around the eyes /double vision
- Pain in your upper teeth or loose tooth
- Problems with dentures not fitting any longer
5. Salivary glands
These make saliva (spit). They're in the lower some portion of your mouth close to your jawbone.
The following are symptoms of salivary gland cancer:
- Swelling under your jaw
- Swelling around your jawbone
- Numb or paralyzed face muscles
- Pain in your face, jaw, or neck that doesn't leave
Every sort of head and neck cancer has specific symptoms, however, there are some broad ones, as well. They are:
- A lump in your neck
- Growths or wounds in your mouth (regardless of whether they don't hurt)
- Blood in your spit or mucus