Laryngectomees are patients who underwent laryngectomy (voice box removal for throat cancer). They are increasingly susceptible to respiratory disease because the air they breathe in isn't separated by going through the nose. Thus, they are at an increased danger of breathing in respiratory pathogens (infections, microorganisms, and organisms) directly into their lungs. In this manner, laryngectomees must be cautious and shield themselves from every single respiratory pathogen during the flu season and other viral epidemics.
Respiratory pathogens are most normally spread from an infected individual to others through:
- From the air by coughing and sneezing.
- Close individual contact, for example, contacting or shaking hands
- Touching an item or surface with the pathogen on it, and the hand comes in contact with the mouth, nose, or eyes before washing hands.
Laryngectomees can secure themselves by getting vaccinated-Flu vaccine every year (when a vaccine is accessible) and:
- Wearing HME filter. This prevents infection and also conditions lungs (i.e. Provox Micron TM, Atos Medical's Xtra Moist).
- Covering stoma with mask or bib
- Washing hands regularly with cleanser and water for 20 seconds. Utilize an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains 60% alcohol if cleanser and water are not accessible. This is particularly important before touching stoma, HME filter.
- Avoid contacting the stoma, HME, eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoiding close contact with i9ndividuals suffering from flu.
A Surgical mask with four strings can be altered to fit over the stoma. One of the strings can be stretched out with additional string, and the lower pair of strings can be tied behind the back.