Oral and pharyngeal cancer (cancer of the mouth and upper throat) by and large kills about one individual every hour. The individuals recently determined to have these cancers, just about 60% will live longer than 5 years. Also, many who do survive have long term issues, for example, extreme facial disfigurement or challenges eating and talking. The death rate related to oral and pharyngeal diseases remains especially high because of the cancer growth being routinely found late in its improvement.
While smoking and tobacco use are as yet major risk factors, HPV infection is on rise which is a major cause for cancer of tonsils and base tongue. We can't prevent this infection from spreading; our only plan to spare lives is with proficient inclusion and open mindfulness
Your mouth is easily accessible for self examination and to detect early warning systems. It is important for patients to know about the following signs and indications and to see a head and neck cancer specialist if that they don't improve or vanish after two-three weeks:
- A sore, or soreness or irritation that doesn't go away
- Red or white patches on cheek or tongue
- Lumps, thickening tissues, harsh spots, dried up or eroded regions
- Trouble biting, gulping, talking, or moving your jaw or tongue
- An adjustment in the manner your teeth fit together when you close your mouth
- Loose tooth
Factors that increase risk:
- All forms of tobacco usage
- Alcohol consumption
- Poor oral hygiene
- Sharp tooth
- Ill fitting dentures
- High risk sexual habits (HPV)
Signs and Symptoms:
- Non healing ulcer in tongue or cheek.
- Loosening of tooth with swelling of gums
- Ulcer on tonsil
- Pain less lumps in base tongue
- An painless lump or swelling felt in the neck
- Sore throat, trouble gulping, or torment while swallowing
- Swelling of the tonsillar areas at the back of the mouth
Know about the indications and hazard components of oral and pharyngeal cancer growth. Early identification and treatment likely could be the way into a total recuperation.
Oral Cancer screening:
Oral Cancer screening is a detailed examination of mouth to identify any pre malignant conditions that may in long term convert to cancer. Office based endoscopy is also done to examine throat at same time.
Any suspicious lesions can be biopsied to categories the lesions and appropriate treatment can be given.
Prevention of oral cancer is the goal and early detection is key for improved survival.